After these came Jean-Marie Le Pen with 10.44%, none of the other candidates exceeded the 5% mark. In May and June 1940, Bordeaux was the site of the life-saving actions of the Portuguese consul-general, Aristides de Sousa Mendes, who illegally granted thousands of Portuguese visas, which were needed to pass the Spanish border, to refugees fleeing the German occupation. Bordeaux has a population of 243,626 people and it’s located in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. Spaces dedicaded to slave trade, Musée d'Aquitaine. [20] That recurred during World War I and again very briefly during World War II, when it became clear that Paris would fall into German hands. Séminaire 6 décembre 2019 : Preventing cognitive decline and dementia: reflections from an epidemiological perspective Cet évènement du Département Santé publique, du BPH, Bordeaux Population Health – UMR 1219 et de l’ISPED – Institut de Santé Publique, d’Épidémiologie et de Développement est organisé dans le cadre des séminaires « Recherche et Pratique en Santé publique » . The University of Bordeaux is divided into four: Bordeaux has numerous public and private schools offering undergraduate and postgraduate programs. Bordeaux is served by Bordeaux–Mérignac Airport, located 8 km (5.0 mi) from the city centre in the suburban city of Mérignac. The region’s millionaire population grew 10.6% year-over-year to 6.3 million, and their combined wealth rose 11% to US$21.7 trillion, largely due to … In the first round, Alain Juppé was well ahead with 43.73% against 31.36% for Michèle Delaunay. The central lift span is 117-metre-long (384-foot) and can be lifted vertically up to 53 metres (174 feet) to let tall ships pass underneath. In 1462, Bordeaux created a local parliament. Fearing a bourgeois misappropriation of the Revolution, they executed a great number of Girondists. However, it was not retained for long, during the following year the Frankish commander clashed in battle with the Aquitanians but then left to take on hostile Burgundian authorities and magnates. The metro area population of Bordeaux in 2019 was 957,000, a 1.27% increase from 2018. CAPC musée d'art contemporain de Bordeaux, Slavery was part of a growing drive for the city. January 2020 71: 1-9; published ahead of print September 13, 2019 ; DOI: 10.5344/ajev.2019.19029 Alice Cibrario 1 Univ. Firstly, during the 18th and 19th centuries, Bordeaux was an important slave port, which saw some 500 slave expeditions that cause the deportation of 150,000 Africans by Bordeaux shipowners. [15] Many downtown buildings (about 5,000), including those on the quays, are from this period. Total number of cities: 288. Show map of France. It serves as a major regional center for trade, administration, services and industry. Bordeaux is a major centre for business in France as it has the sixth largest metropolitan population in France. In the 1938 FIFA World Cup, it hosted a violent quarter-final known as the Battle of Bordeaux. During this period were built the amphitheatre and the monument Les Piliers de Tutelle. … The "Pearl of Aquitaine" has been voted European Destination of the year in a 2015 online poll. A world capital of wine[5] with its castles and vineyards of the Bordeaux region that stand on the hillsides of the Gironde and is home to the world's main wine fair, Vinexpo. PS candidate Kader Arif: 17.79%, gaining two seats in the European Parliament. In Bordeaux, this one was located in the former buildings of the college of Guyenne. There are more than 400 taxicabs in Bordeaux. 72.5% of the overall population falls between the ages of 15 and 64. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Guyenne and Gascony.. From 1793 to 1795, the department's name was changed to Bec-d'Ambès to avoid the … The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 7 km (4.3 mi), while 8% travel for over 12 km (7.5 mi) in a single direction.[49]. The bridge was named after the late Jacques Chaban-Delmas, who was a former Prime Minister and Mayor of Bordeaux. Summers are warm and long due to the influence from the Bay of Biscay (surface temperature reaches 21 to 22 °C (70 to 72 °F)). The Gare Saint-Jean is the major hub for regional trains (TER) operated by the SNCF to Arcachon, Limoges, Agen, Périgueux, Langon, Pau, Le Médoc, Angoulême and Bayonne. [9] The metropolis has also received awards and rankings by international organizations such as in 1957, Bordeaux was awarded the Europe Prize for its efforts in transmitting the European ideal. Washington- 2,665 5. miles). 40% of the white population of the island came from Aquitaine. Crossed by the Garonne River and bordering the Atlantic Coast, the metropolis, a perfect example of the Age of Enlightment, has been showcasing since the 18th century its blond and golden facades, its courtyards and monumental squares, as well as its lively streets accompanied by its French-style gardens. The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Bordeaux, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 51 min. Cycle paths (separate from the roadways) exist on the highway bridges, along the riverfront, on the university campuses, and incidentally elsewhere in the city. La population de Bordeaux compte 217 464 habitants de plus de 15 ans. The decision was taken to save the bridge, but by early 2010 no plans had been announced as to its future use. A paid bicycle-sharing system with automated stations has been established in 2010. Red Bordeaux wine is called claret in the United Kingdom. In 778, Seguin (or Sihimin) was appointed count of Bordeaux, probably undermining the power of the Duke Lupo, and possibly leading to the Battle of Roncevaux Pass[9]-. [citation needed]. Bordeaux. The average summer seasonal temperature is 20.7 °C (69.3 °F). Hannover's 2020 population is now estimated at 536,976.In 1950, the population of Hannover was 444,334.Hannover has grown by 478 since 2015, which represents a 0.09% annual change. In the second district of Gironde the UMP mayor and all new Minister of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea Alain Juppé confronted the General Counsel PS Michèle Delaunay. 12.% of public transit riders, ride for more than 2 hours every day. But the Free Skate was cancelled in all of the divisions due to the Paris bombing(s) and aftermath. This list includes indigenous Bordeaux-based companies and companies that have major presence in Bordeaux, but are not necessarily headquartered there. [32] The majority of the population is French, but there are sizable groups of Italians, Spaniards (Up to 20% of the Bordeaux population claim some degree of Spanish heritage), Portuguese, Turks, Germans.[33]. Bordeaux adhered to the Fronde, being effectively annexed to the Kingdom of France only in 1653, when the army of Louis XIV entered the city. During the last stage of the war against Aquitaine (760–768), it was one of Waifer's last important strongholds to fall to the troops of King Pepin the Short. Historically the left bank is more developed because when flowing outside the bend, the water makes a furrow of the required depth to allow the passing of merchant ships, which used to offload on this side of the river. The British troops were treated as liberators. Included among the latter are the area's five premier cru (first growth) red wines (four from Médoc and one, Château Haut-Brion, from Graves), established by the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855: Both red and white wines are made in the Bordeaux region. Find out what statistics the population of the country, city, district on This graph shows the number of inhabitants in the city of Bordeaux in France in 2014, by gender. Georges-Eugène Haussmann, a longtime prefect of Bordeaux, used Bordeaux's 18th-century large-scale rebuilding as a model when he was asked by Emperor Napoleon III to transform the quasi-medieval Paris into a "modern" capital that would make France proud. Convergence of psychiatric symptoms and restless legs syndrome: A cross-sectional study in an elderly French population. The bridge remains intact, but unused and without any means of access. Bordeaux has five road bridges that cross the Garonne, the Pont de pierre built in the 1820s and three modern bridges built after 1960: the Pont Saint Jean, just south of the Pont de pierre (both located downtown), the Pont d'Aquitaine, a suspended bridge downstream from downtown, and the Pont François Mitterrand, located upstream of downtown. The city also offers several festivals throughout the year. The summer of 2003 set a record with an average temperature of 23.3 °C (73.9 °F).[23]. Others were members of the Society of the Friends of the Blacks as the revolutionaries Boyer-Fonfrède, Gensonné, Guadet and Ducos. But, today, the right bank is developing, including new urban projects. In 1441, when Bordeaux was an English town, the Pope Eugene IV created a university by demand of the archbishop Pey Berland. Bordeaux was largely anti-Bonapartist and the majority supported the Bourbons. Nationally, Nicolas Sarkozy led with 31.18%, then Ségolène Royal with 25.87%, followed by François Bayrou with 18.57%. Cycle lanes and bus lanes that explicitly allow cyclists exist on many of the city's boulevards. The defeat of the so-called constituency "Mayor" showed that Bordeaux was rocking increasingly left. Finally, in the third constituency of the Gironde, Noël Mamère was well ahead with 39.82% against 28.42% for the UMP candidate Elizabeth Vine. The Short Program occurred hours before the bombing. There are many music venues of varying capacity. Bordeaux is an important road and motorway junction. Total population: 68 859 599. The city started to play a regional role as a major urban center on the fringes of the newly founded Frankish Duchy of Vasconia. At present, of the eight cantons that has Bordeaux, five are held by the PS and three by the UMP, the left eating a little each time into the right's numbers. In 1808, the University reappeared with Napoleon. The region of Bordeaux was also the land of several prominent abolitionists, as Montesquieu, Laffon deLadébat and Elisée Reclus. The stadium was opened in 2015 and replaced the Stade Chaban-Delmas, which was a venue for the FIFA World Cup in 1938 and 1998, as well as the 2007 Rugby World Cup. None of the other candidates exceeded the 5% mark. Sauternes is a sub-region of Graves known for its intensely sweet, white, dessert wines such as Château d'Yquem. In the second round, Alain Rousset had a tidal wave win as national totals rose to 55.83%. Some 20,000 people work for the aeronautic industry in Bordeaux. Only candidates obtaining more than 5% are listed. [17] The Port of the Moon supplied the majority of Europe with coffee, cocoa, sugar, cotton and indigo, becoming France's busiest port and the second busiest port in the world after London. Red wines are generally made from a blend of grapes, and may be made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit verdot, Malbec, and, less commonly in recent years, Carménère. The city area is represented by the following constituencies: Gironde's 1st, Gironde's 2nd, Gironde's 3rd, Gironde's 4th, Gironde's 5th, Gironde's 6th, Gironde's 7th. Bordeaux is located in the district "Southwest", here are the results: UMP candidate Dominique Baudis: 26.89%. [citation needed], The vine was introduced to the Bordeaux region by the Romans, probably in the mid-first century, to provide wine for local consumption, and wine production has been continuous in the region since.[28]. In Autumn 845, the Vikings were raiding Bordeaux and Saintes, count Seguin II marched on them but was captured and executed. Vanessa James/Morgan Cipres (65.75) in 2nd. Bordeaux is also the first city in France to have created, in the 1980s, an architecture exhibition and research centre, Arc en rêve. One section is for Vert tricks, one for street style tricks, and one for little action sports athletes with easier features and softer materials. The town is divided into three districts, the first three of Gironde. A crossroads of knowledge through university research, it is home to one of the only two megajoule lasers in the world, as well as a university pole of nearly 100,000 students within the Bordeaux metropolis.[7]. The network consists of: This network is operated from 5 am to 2 am. On the quay there is a skate-park divided into three sections. The city is built on a bend of the river Garonne, and is divided into two parts: the right bank to the east and left bank in the west. In 745 Aquitaine faced another expedition where Charles's sons Pepin and Carloman challenged Hunald's power and defeated him. Bordeaux is the centre of Bordeaux Métropole that has a population of 796,273 (2019), the 5th largest in France after Paris, Lyon, Marseille and Lille with its immediate suburbs and closest satellite towns. Frosts in the winter occur several times during a winter, but snowfall is very rare, occurring only once every three years. [14] After granting a tax-free trade status with England, Henry was adored by the locals as they could be even more profitable in the wine trade, their main source of income, and the city benefited from imports of cloth and wheat. [citation needed] The city has some of the biggest companies including Dassault, EADS Sogerma, Snecma, Thales, SNPE, and others. Conventional overhead cables are used outside the city. [47] During the planning there was much lobbying by the Eiffel family and other supporters to preserve the old bridge as a footbridge across the Garonne, with possibly a museum to document the history of the bridge and Gustave Eiffel's contribution. [15] The belfry (Grosse Cloche) and city cathedral St-André were built, the latter in 1227, incorporating the artisan quarter of Saint-Paul. Bordeaux is also one of the centers of gastronomy[6] and business tourism for the organization of international congresses. The massive, reinforced concrete U-boat pens have proved impractical to demolish and are now partly used as a cultural center for exhibitions. It stands out as one of the first French cities, after Nancy, to have entered an era of urbanism and metropolitan big scale projects, with the team Gabriel father and son, architects for King Louis XV, under the supervision of two intendants (Governors), first Nicolas-François Dupré de Saint-Maur then the Marquis de Tourny. Since 2006, France estimates the population by using census results of different years. The city is connected to Paris by the A10 motorway, with Lyon by the A89, with Toulouse by the A62, and with Spain by the A63. Italian submarines participated in the Battle of the Atlantic from that base, which was also a major base for German U-boats as headquarters of 12th U-boat Flotilla. The metro area population of Bordeaux in 2018 was 945,000, a 1.18% increase from 2017. We show that in the Bordeaux region, the temperatures of some cellars rise significantly in July, August, and September. None of the other candidates reached the 10% mark. The Dassault Falcon private jets are built there as well as the military aircraft Rafale and Mirage 2000, the Airbus A380 cockpit, the boosters of Ariane 5, and the M51 SLBM missile. Bordeaux has an important public transport system called Transports Bordeaux Métropole (TBM). This work, richly illustrated with original documents, contributes to disseminate the state of knowledge on this question, presenting above all the facts and their chronology.[45]. [34] They are divided according to the following composition: Since the Liberation (1944), there have been 6 mayors of Bordeaux: At the 2007 presidential election, the Bordelais gave 31.37% of their votes to Ségolène Royal of the Socialist Party against 30.84% to Nicolas Sarkozy, president of the UMP. The loss of this "Pearl" of the West Indies Pearl generated the collapse of Bordeaux's port economy, which was dependent on the colonial trade and trade in slaves.